Anjal Key Layout

The Anjal key layout was first introduced in 1993. It was the default keyboard for the free version of Murasu Anjal software which became extremely popular because of it’s simplicity and ease of use. It was the first input method software that transliterated keystrokes from English into Tamil letters on-the-fly. Prior to this, users had to type in a predefined scheme using English letters and then run it through a programme in order to convert the text to Tamil. Many applications written by others, including Google, implemented input methods similar to Anjal at a much later time. Although they call it by different names, the name ‘Anjal Kayboard’ remains in the minds of users who have been using this input method for a long time.

Anjal is based on the phonetic mapping of Tamil letters to those of English. The table below shows the mapping that was first introduced in 1993. Sellinam 4.0 for Android and Murasu Anjal Muthal Nilai edition for Windows added some new features to the original mapping. While users can continue to use the original mapping without any issues, the new features will make typing even easier. Especially when correcting errors with vowel-signs and vowels on the spot. The new features are described at the end of this article.

Original Anjal Key Mapping (1993)

உயிர் எழுத்துகள்
மெய் எழுத்துகள்
a க் k
aa or A ச் c or s
i ட் d
ii or I த் t
u ப் p
uu or U ற் R
ee or E ய் y
ai ர் r
o ல் l
oo or O வ் v
au ழ் z
q ள் L
ஹ் h ங் ng
ஸ் S ஞ் nj
ஜ் j ண் N
ஷ் sh ந் w or n-
க்ஷ் x ம் m
ஶ்ரீ sri ன் n or W

Note: mapping of upper-case-W to ன் was introduced in the new Anjal keyboard (March 2015)

1.  Compound letters (உயிர்மெய்)

To get compound letters , type the base consonant followed by the respective vowel.

Keystrokes Output
mozi மொழி
anbu அன்பு
2. Elongated vowels (நெடில்)

To get elongated vowels  type the same vowel twice or upper case letter.

Keystrokes Output
yaakaavaaraayinum யாகாவாராயினும்
yAkAvArAyinum யாகாவாராயினும்
3. Words with ன்ற்

Type ‘ndr’ to get ன்ற்.

Keystrokes Output
mandram மன்றம்
kandru கன்று
toondri தோன்றி
4. Words with ற்ற்

Type ‘tr’ to get ற்ற்.

Keystrokes Output
patru பற்று
pootri போற்றி
petraal பெற்றால்
5. Words with ண்ட்

Type ‘nd’ to get ண்ட்.

Keystrokes Output
mandapam மண்டபம்
kandu கண்டு
veendaam வேண்டாம்
6. Words with ந்த்

Type ‘nt’ to get ந்த்.

Keystrokes Output
sontam சொந்தம்
anti அந்தி
vantu வந்து
7. Words with ஞ்ச்

Type ‘njj’ to get ஞ்ச்.

Keystrokes Output
manjjaL மஞ்சள்
tanjjam தஞ்சம்
konjji கொஞ்சி
8. Words beginning with the letter

When n is typed after a space, tab or Return key, it will automatically produce ‘ந்’.

Keystrokes Output
anta naaL அந்த நாள்

New Key sequences introduced in March 2015

9. Vowel rotation

When a vowel is typed after another vowel, the second vowel replaces the first vowel. The same is applicable for vowel-signs. This helps with correcting vowels or vowel-signs on the spot without having to delete the earlier character first.

Example: Let’s assume you want to type கி. The keystrokes for கி is ‘ki’. If you typed ‘ko’ by mistake, you will get கொ. To change this to கி, you had to first delete கொ completely and then type ‘ki’ again.

With the new Anjal keyboard, you can just type ‘i’ immediately to change கொ to get கி.

The table below shows the keystrokes and the output:

Step Keystroke Output
1 k க்
2 o கொ
3 i கி
10. Escaping automation with ‘f’

The ‘f’ key can be used to tell Sellinam not to add intelligence to the strokes. For example, if you want to type two vowels next to each other without a space, you can use the ‘f’ key in-between the two. Likewise, if you do not want ‘nd’ to become ‘ண்ட்‘ in spoken words like ‘ஏன்டா’, you can type the ‘f’ in between ‘n’ and ‘d’. The following table demonstrates these two examples:

Keystrokes Output
afa அஅ
eendaa ஏண்டா
eenfdaa ஏன்டா